If you enjoy seeing game and non-game species of wild animals, you should, at some point, thank a gun owner for it. Gun owners, including hunters and non-hunters alike, provide over 1 billion dollars annually into wildlife conservation efforts. Yes, you read that correctly. This is another one of those “inconvenient truths” for many as it relates to the environment. Let me explain how this started and how it works.
In the early 1900s, there were many species of wildlife that were disappearing. In a move that seems improbable in today's world, the firearms and ammunition industry asked Congress to impose a tax on the sale of firearms and ammunition. Yes, you read that correctly. They asked Congress to tax them. This act was called the Pittman-Robertson Act and passed in 1937. This tax is set by law to be 11% of the wholesale price of long guns and ammunition, along with 10% on handguns. This tax is paid by manufacturers, producers, and importers and applies to all commercial sales and imports. The tax dollars are handled by the US Treasury, who turns it over to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, who divides it up and passes it on to the various states.
States distribute this in an interesting model that does a good job (in my opinion) of adequately dividing this large amount of money, with a focus on conservation. First, $8 million is dedicated to Enhanced Hunter Education Programming. Secondly, $3 million is set aside for conservation and stewardship projects that require cooperation among states. One-half of the tax collected on handguns is set aside for Basic Hunter Education programs. The remainder of this is divided in half. Fifty percent goes to states based on the land area of the state in proportion to the total land area of the country. The remaining 50 percent is sent out based upon the number of individual paid hunting license holders in the state in proportion to the national total.
That is a look at the act as it relates to funding on the national level, let us also consider conservation and stewardship funding as it relates directly to us here in Kentucky. If you were not aware, there are no, zero, zilch general fund dollars that go to the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife from Kentucky’s general fund. There are zero taxes that non-sportsmen and women pay to fund these efforts. Most of the funding comes directly from the sale of licenses, permits, and registration fees that sportsmen and women (hunting and fishing) pay. The remaining dollars that our state works with come from those as mentioned earlier and the Pittman-Robertson Act and another act named the Dingell-Johnson Act of 1950. Dingell-Johnson is a similar act to Pittman-Robertson, but the tax is on fishing equipment sales rather than firearms. Those dollars go to fish-related conservation efforts. So yes, hunters and fishermen/women get taxed on everything they purchase and that tax funds wildlife and fisheries conservation and stewardship efforts.
It all sounds crazy. People that hunt animals, fish, shoot guns for sport and enjoyment, are responsible for funding the conservation, stewardship, and protection of deer, elk, squirrels along with the red tail hawk you see occasionally, the cardinal at your bird feeder, and the other game and non-game species that surround us.
I think it is all rather interesting to see a group of people who put their money where their mouth is, and I love it. If you are interested in continuing conservation efforts in your area, there are several recommendations that I can make for you.
The first is to purchase a Sportsmen’s License each year, even if you don’t hunt or fish. You can get licenses that are species-specific, but the Sportsmen’s License is a combo that covers most everything. This license is only $95.00. Those dollars go directly to the state for fish and game efforts, and by buying a license, we in Kentucky will also get more Pittman-Roberts funds as well. It is that simple. The second way is to follow all applicable hunting and fishing laws and encourage your buddies to do the same. Call them out when they don’t. Unregulated hunting is what got us to near extinction of some species in the first place. By following the regulations, which are developed by incredibly talented and educated biologists who dedicate their jobs to such research, we can take better care of all the wildlife we enjoy observing, hunting, or taking photos.
Yes, I love wildlife in both my surprise interactions with them as well as the 100% organic protein they provide my family and me. I hope you join in me in the efforts of keeping them healthy and prospering for generations to come. If so, I will most likely see you on, or off, the trail.